6 Types of Earth Moving Machines

  • Editorial Team
  • Heavy Construction Equipment
  • 15 June 2021

When it comes to jobs that require a lot of earthmoving, one of the most important things to do is to load, transport and deposit the collected material as quickly and efficiently as possible. Irrespective of the type of business you run, whether it’s a small scale construction firm or if you are managing a big civil engineering project, having the necessary equipment is essential to finish the job.

The equipment most commonly used for earthmoving jobs are loaders. As loaders are used in many different kinds of construction jobs, you can find different designs of loaders, with a choice of size, horsepower and loading capacity. You can choose the one you’ll need for the project you have at hand keeping in mind their individual applications.

The following are six types of loaders most commonly used in construction projects for earthmoving:

  • Backhoe Loaders

  • Skid Steer Loaders

  • Compact Track Loaders

  • Multi-Terrain Loaders

  • Dozer Loaders

  • Wheel Loaders

Backhoe Loaders:

When it comes to earth moving equipment backhoes are the most versatile loaders of the lot. They are designed uniquely with a loading bucket at the front and a hoe attachment at the back of the machine, and instead of having tracks for stability, they are equipped with wheels. Having wheels makes backhoes efficient as they are manoeuvrable and can easily move around a worksite. The bucket helps with loading and moving material, whereas the hoe attachment at the back is a tool that’s used for digging.

Skid Steer Loaders:

If your project requires reliable and useful earth moving equipment that can work in fast-moving dynamics, a skid steer is what you should go for. Their unique mobility system makes it possible for them to be steered around a worksite by skidding. Their turning ability makes it possible to work even in really tight spots.

Compact Track Loaders:

If you are working on solid surfaces like gravel roads, or clay and need earthmoving equipment, compact track loaders should be your first choice. Compared to skid steers have better traction and they also place less pressure on the ground surface they are working on. Due to the better traction, they have better stability and can operate quite well in challenging conditions.

Multi-terrain loaders:

Multi-terrain loaders are similar in appearance to compact track loaders but have a much lighter footprint. Due to them exerting less weight on the ground they can work in conditions that would sink under a tracked loader. Their traction is also superior to that of a compact track loader, on high inclines and side slopes they can hang onto the surface and maintain their position there. They are also good for working in areas that are more sensitive like lawns or garden beds.

Dozer Loaders:

If you have a job that requires you to level or clear a surface or a ground, a bulldozer is the first thing that should come to your mind. When it comes to road surfacing, demolition work or lot preparation, dozers are the equipment used most commonly. Replacing the blade of the dozer with a bucket can turn it into incredible earth lifting machine.

Wheel Loaders:

Wheel loaders are in the lead when it comes to moving materials of large quantity quickly and efficiently. You can find Wheel loaders for sale in different sizes from compact, small, medium to large loaders. If a job requires s machine to move material around a Jobsite, they can do the job and with the right attachments, they can do other work around the site as well.